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Chevy Engine Build Part 26 - The Pinnacle Of Performance

More Camshaft Gives DM 580 Hp And 514 Ft-Lb TQ!

By Mike Petralia

Last month we started out by saying "it's been a long time since Danger Mouse (DM) has seen gains this big with only one bolt-on." Well, this month we're saying it again because the gains were even bigger than before, and we did it with fewer bolt ons this time too! In fact, this month's power gains were so impressive that we feel we've reached the pinnacle of normally aspirated performance for DM and we're going to go in a radically different direction from here. Yep, for a while at least, we'll be stepping it back, looking at power made with some really streetable combinations. Although finding this much power has truly been a fun experience, we need to get back into the real street game.

In this month's test, No. 43, we made almost as much power normally aspirated as we did with a blower way back in DM Pt 10/Test 20 (July, 2003). Back then we installed a Weiand Pro-Street mini blower and made 602-peak hp. Of course the blower added lots of torque as well, with DM making almost 575 lb-ft back in that test, all of it on 100-octane unleaded pump gas. Jump back to the present and we figured it would be fitting to return to Weiand, and its parent company Holley Performance Products, to see if we could make almost as much power without the blower now. We wanted to experiment with a combination that few people ever use on the street, but one that can make a lot of power.

Test 42 from last month was our first trial with an out-of-the-box Weiand Hi-Ram, and the results were good, (see: DM Pt 25/Test 42; September, 2004). We knew the ramming effect of the long-runner Hi-Ram would make more torque, but we'd also expected more peak horsepower. When that extra top-end power didn't arrive, we consulted with George and Bob Vrbancic to select a new, more appropriate cam matched to DM's Hi-Ram intake manifold.

We also felt strongly that, although the valve springs on DM's Edelbrock Victor Jr. cylinder heads might still be in good shape, (a quick check in the valve spring tester confirmed they were holding up just fine), the entire valve train might be moving around a bit near our very high 7,000 rpm redline. So we dusted off some parts from DM's past that didn't work too well the first time out, but saved the day for us this time.

Way back in DM Pt 3/Test 08, (November, 2002), we tested a COMP Cams stud girdle to see if there would be any power added to the very mild combination we were running at the time. Power fell off, and we placed the girdle into semi-retirement. But, like any old pro, when the going gets tough, the coach needs something he can call on to shift the tide and the stud girdle was it. We bolted it on and were rewarded with more top end power and no losses down low.

Heat Affects Power
Today was the first of June, and the heat in Speed-O-Motive's dyno cell was staggering. Hovering above 95-degrees most of the day, the air going into the engine was not conducive to making power. The problem was that with DM's new cam increasing cylinder pressure, all that hot air did was make DM detonate. If this had been a cool day we easily could've gotten away with running this test on pump gas.

But conditions forced us to run 105-octane VP race gas, which was a first for DM while running normally aspirated. Even when we tried to pull ignition advance out using MSD's timing computer, the power fell off and the detonation lingered on. There was no way around it this month, but heck, what'd be the fun of doing this thing the same way every single time?


Big Cam Technology
The real deal this month is that we were able to properly match the camshaft to the intake package. This is something we've been preaching all along with DM and can't stress the importance of enough. While last month's power may have satisfied many players, we knew there'd be more if we had the right cam ground. But, unfortunately, no cam companies offer what could truly be considered the "perfect" cam for an engine like this, so we had to have one custom ground.

The process was simplified however; by selecting a Lunati catalog grind, and asking them to grind it with a wider lobe separation angle (112 degrees this month versus 110 degrees last month). We also asked Lunati to grind the intake lobes 4 degrees advanced, giving the cam a 108-degree intake centerline. Then, during testing we advanced the cam another 2 degrees, putting the intake installed CL at 106, which netted us the best overall power and torque of the day.

What all this effectively did was increase cylinder pressure by closing the intake valve a little sooner and the added duration of the bigger cam also helped pull more top-end power. Lift was increased as well with the new cam, but not so much to become a spring killer. Unfortunately, as you can clearly see from this month's dyno tests, power fell off slightly in the lower rpm ranges. That's to be expected when running a bigger cam. Besides, wouldn't you trade 51 extra hp up top for 5 lb-ft of lost torque any day?

We sure would, and although this engine would certainly be very radical on the street, (1,200 rpm idle with very low vacuum), it could still be driven everyday in the right car and since every part we installed is still unmodified from the factory, anyone that's bolted together an engine could build it. This engine could propel a well set-up, 3,500-lb streetcar to very low 11-second e.t.'s at 120-plus mph and still be driven home! And with the Hi-Ram's twin carbs poking through your hood, giving just a hint of the power that's beneath, we think it can't get much better than that.

Dyno Testing Part 26
We're comparing this month's test, T43, to the last test from last month, T42, in which DM was set up with the smaller camshaft and no stud girdle. Also, in T42 we were running locked-out ignition at 38 degrees and 91-octane gas, but T43's new cam increased cylinder pressure and the added heat of June in the dyno cell this month forced us to run on 105-octane race gas. So the comparison is not truly equal, but the power increase is truly incredible. Especially when you consider that it was achieved with just a cam, stud girdle, some tuning on the dyno, and a little more octane. This also proves that there's always power to be found when you devote some serious effort to trying different tuning options, instead of sticking with just one.

Danger Mouse specs for Part 25
- Test 42: Last test from last month 355 cid, 12.5:1 cr, 4.030-bore 4-bolt Motown block, 3.48-stroke Lunati crank, 5.7-inch Lunati rods, Lunati domed forged pistons, Total Seal ductile iron Gapless top rings, Edelbrock Victor Jr. heads (64cc chambers, 215cc runners, 2.08" intake valves, 1.60" exhaust valves), Weiand Hi Ram intake manifold and twin Holley HP650 carbs, COMP Cams XR286R solid roller camshaft installed @ 105 intake CL (248/254 @ .050, 286/292 adv, .606/.612 lift w/ COMP 1.6:1 rockers, 110 LS), 38 total advance, 91-octane. Tested on Vrbancic Brother's Racing DTS dyno.

Danger Mouse specs for Part 26
- Test 43: Same as above but with custom-ground Lunati roller camshaft installed @ 106 intake CL (259/266 @ .050, 294/300 adv, .636/.640 lift w/ COMP 1.6:1 rockers, 112 LS), 105-octane. Tested on Speed-O-Motive's DTS dyno.

Note that the power for T42 does not begin until 3600 rpm. We had some difficulty loading the engine that low in last month's test. But this month, DM had no trouble pulling down there so we were able to get some power figures in the lower RPM range. As we said last month, "sometimes the dyno does not act like a car". But, now we know that if this engine were in a car, it'd be able to accelerate strongly from well below 3,500 rpm.

We're always looking for new ideas. Do you have a better one for Danger Mouse? Send your test suggestions to:

Super Chevy Magazine
Attn: Danger Mouse
720 Hundley Way
Placentia, CA 92870
Or e-mail: terry.cole@primedia.com

DANGER MOUSE COMPONENTS FOR PART 26
CAM LUNATI CAMS SOLID ROLLER, CUSTOM (PN 50105)
CARBS HOLLEY HP650 (PN 0-80541-1)
GASKETS FEL-PRO (head PN 1003, intake PN 1205)
HEADS EDELBROCK VICTOR JR. (PN 77599)
IGNITION MSD 8977 MULTI-FUNCTION DIGITAL CONTROLLER
LIFTERS COMP CAMS ENDURE-X SOLID ROLLER (PN 888-16)
MANIFOLD WEIAND HI RAM (PN 1984)
PISTONS LUNATI CUSTOM FORGINGS
ROCKERS COMP CAMS 1.6:1 PRO MAGNUM (PN 1302-16)
STUD GIRDLE COMP CAMS (PN 4007)
  Test 42 T43 T42 vs. T43
RPM TQ HP TQ HP TQ HP
2600 n/d n/d 353 175 n/d n/d
2800 n/d n/d 390 208 n/d n/d
3000 n/d n/d 418 239 n/d n/d
3200 n/d n/d 424 258 n/d n/d
3400 n/d n/d 423 274 n/d n/d
3600 428 293 428 293 0 0
3800 439 318 441 319 2 +1
4000 459 350 456 348 -3 -2
4200 468 374 463 370 -5 -4
4400 463 388 462 387 -1 -1
4600 465 407 465 407 0 0
4800 470 430 479 437 +9 +7
5000 475 452 497 473 +22 +21
5200 479 474 509 504 +30 +30
5400 481 495 514 529 +33 +34
5600 477 509 511 545 +34 +36
5800 469 518 503 555 +34 +37
6000 460 526 494 565 +34 +39
6200 450 531 485 573 +35 +42
6400 436 531 475 579 +39 +48
6600 421 529 462 580 +41 +51
6800 407 527 445 576 +38 +49
7000 395 526 431 574 +36 +48
Max 481 531 514 580 +41 +51
Avg 452 454 473 479 +21 +24
n/d=No Data
SOURCES
Fel-Pro
26555 Northwestern Hwy.
Southfield
MI  48033
Speed-O-Motive
131 W. Lang Ave.
West Covina
CA  91790
6-26/-869-0270
speedomotive.com
Total Seal Dept. SC
11202 N. 24th Ave.
Suite 101
Phoenix
AZ  85029
VP Racing Fuels
210-635-7744
www.vpracingfuels.com
Vrbancic Brothers Racing
1463 E. Philadelphia
Ontario
CA  91761
909-930-9980
Edelbrock
Dept. 5.0
2700 California St.
Torrance
CA  90503
310-781-2222
www.edelbrock.com
Holley Performance Products
1801 Russellville Rd.
Bowling Green, KY 42101
KY  42101
270-782-2900
www.holley.com
Lunati Cams
Olive Branch
MS
6-62/-892-1500
lunatipower.com
Autotronic Controls Corp. (MSD Ignition)
1490 Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso
TX  79936
Royal Purple
COMP Cams Bill Mitchell Hardcore Racing Products
51 Trade Zone Ct
Source for World Products
Ronkonkoma
NY  11779
Blower Drive Service(BDS)
12140 E. Washington Blvd.
Whittier
CA  90606
Weiand
N/A
800-HOL-LEY1
www.holley.com.
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By Mike Petralia
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