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Charge Excess

Avoid the voltage drop

By Coy Hudnall Of Powermaster Motorsports
Go With The Flow
Current flow through an automotive electrical system can be compared to the storage and distribution of water. Large lakes and reservoirs are similar to batteries in that they store huge amounts of water for future demand. Holding tanks way up on the hillsides overlooking our homes and on top of towers in our backyards store the smaller amounts of water we use for short-term immediate demands. Capacitors store electrical energy in the same fashion. Pumps send the water through a series of pipes transferring it from the reservoirs to keep the smaller holding tanks full and then finally piping it to the consumer. These pipes must be large enough to prevent resistance, as is the case with power cables. Think of your alternator as the pump that keeps the reservoir filled and supplies all the water for the system. The water volume (i.e. gallons) represents amperage and the pressure from the pump that pushes the water is just like the voltage in an electrical system. The alternator supplies the pressure (i.e voltage) for the system, until the demand is greater than the pump can deliver. When this occurs, the reservoir or battery becomes the source for the pressure.
GLOSSARY:
CURRENTThe rate of transfer of electricity usually expressed in amperes.
AMPEREThe unit used to measure the quantity of an electric current flow.
GAUGE (Gage)The physical size of a wire, which also encompasses all size ratings.
AWG (American Wire Gauge)The standard for determining wire size. The larger the AWG number, the smaller the diameter of the wire.
VOLTA unit of electromotive force.
HOW TO CALCULATE ALTERNATOR RPM
To calculate a vehicle's pulley ratio, the crank pulley diameter is divided by the alternator's pulley diameter. This ratio is then multiplied times the lowest and highest engine RPM. The result will be the vehicle's minimum and maximum alternator RPM.
CRANK SHAFT PULLEY DIAMETER
Alternator Pulley Diameter= Pulley Ratio
Pulley Ratio x Engine rpm= Alternator RPM
EXAMPLE:
7" crank pulley
2 3/8" (2.375) alt. pulley= 2.95:1 ratio
2.95 X 6000 rpm= 17,700 alternator rpms
SOURCES
Painless Performance
2501 Ludelle St.
Fort Worth
Te  76105
Autotronic Controls Corp. (MSD Ignition)
1490 Henry Brennan Dr.
El Paso
TX  79936
Powermaster Motorsports
2401 Dutch Valley Drive
Knoxville
TN  37918
423-688-5953
Optima Batteries, INC.
March Performance
5820 Hix Rd.
Westland
MI  48185
734-729-9070
www.marchperformance.com
By Coy Hudnall Of Powermaster Motorsports
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