Nasty, Brutish, and Short

ProCharger unleashes the new apex predator of the C5-supercharger world

Jay Heath Sep 16, 2005 0 Comment(s)
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Click here to see ProCharger's Z06 dyno run!

Darkness tinges the sky over Kansas City International Raceway, but DanJones is undeterred.

The spring racing season has just sprung, and thetest-and-tune habitues are agitating for entry, but ATI ProCharger'shyperkinetic honcho looks ready to make a night of it.

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ProCharger's new "Stage II" LS6 kit is available as a complete package(shown) or in "Tuner" form, sans injectors and handheld programmer. Thecompany also offers LS1-specific versions, as well as a "Race" kitequipped with a massive F1-R head unit.

"It'll trap 125. I'm sure of it," says Jones of our test subject, an '04Z06 equipped with the company's hot-off-the-assembly-line "Stage II"supercharger package. Having sampled the car's accelerative ferocityfirsthand, we believe him.

For what will be the last run of the day, ProCharger MotorsportsDirector Jim Summers backs the eel-black Vette into the water box,blisters the Mickey Thompson drag radials till they achieve maximum,clutch-dusting gumminess, and nudges the car into the staging beams.Evincing a marmoreal coolness common among demolition experts andwild-animal trainers (with more than 600 hp on tap, the Z06 qualifies asboth beastly and explosive), Summers nails the launch, expertlybalancing clutch and throttle in the slim interstice between hooked andcooked. Second cracks off like a rifle shot--bam!--and the Z06's bulbousrump goes briefly loose under the onslaught of more than 500 lb-ft ofsupercharged twist. It's a clean run, possibly the best of the day, andall that's left for the gathered throng to do is lock eyes on thescoreboard situated 1,320 feet in the distance. And wait.

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This comparison photo highlights the differences between the Stage I(right) and Stage II intercooler designs. The new units feature 4.5-inchcores and 3-inch intake tubing--up from 3.5 iches and 2.5 inches,respectively, on the originals.

In our May 2003 issue, we brought you an installation-cum-dyno-teststory on ProCharger's original C5 supercharger kit. Outfitted with anoff-the-shelf P-1SC head unit and twin air-to-air intercoolers, thatpackage inflated our LS1-powered test car's output by some 150 hp at therear wheels. "Staggering," said our penman. Apparently the publicagreed: According to Jones, ProCharger's C5 product line has since goneon to become one of the company's hottest commodities.

So why develop another kit? The answer lies in the red-in-tooth-and-clawnature of the performance aftermarket (and the supercharging segment inparticular), and in ProCharger's corporate commitment to always be onthe biting, scratching end of the exchange.

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Larger, 3-inch plumbing (bottom) facilitates the smooth transfer of airto and from the intercoolers. It's one of many features that help thenew kit generate more boost--and power--at a lower blower speed.

In the case of the Stage II C5 kit, the evolutionary impetus came fromelsewhere in the Lenexa, Kansas-based company's ever-expanding productline. Specifically, lessons learned while developing a new package forthe '05 C6 convinced Jones that ProCharger's existing C5-blower lineupcould benefit from the addition of a more thoroughly realized, upmarketproduct. (ProCharger will continue to market the original C5package--now called the "Stage I"--as an introductory-level offering.)With that in mind, Product Development Engineer Nick Jensen went to workincorporating many of the C6 system's signal enhancements into a new kitfor the 1997-2004 cars.

Crack the hood of a Stage II-equipped Vette, and the most obvious changeis the reorientation of the factory radiator. Because of the tightclearances that predominate its engine bay, the stock C5 makes do withan air-intake setup whose design owes more to packaging andproduction-line considerations than the single-minded pursuit ofhorsepower. To keep cost and complexity down on its original C5-blowerkit, ProCharger simply "designed around" the limitations of the stockintake tract. This meant employing a flat-panel air filter and box, andlinking them to a factory-style "pancaked" intake bridge.

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The Stage II kit includes a custom mounting bracket that allows thestock radiator to be canted rearward (with the top toward the engine),freeing up additional hood clearance. ProCharger made good use of theextra space by designing a larger, "unsquashed" intake tube (above left)to replace the more restrictive Stage I piece.

For the uplevel Stage II kit, the company took an altogether differenttack, devising an OEM-quality cradle that allows the top of the radiatorto be tilted rearward (toward the engine) for additional clearance. Thissingle change freed up enough room to permit the installation of alarger-diameter intake tube and high-capacity conical air filter, twochanges Jensen says yield considerable benefits in efficiency and power.While the canted-radiator design isn't unique to the ProCharger kit, itis the only one we know of that comes with its own cradle. (Other kitsrequire irreversible Sawz-All mods to the factory piece.)

Other notable updates include the incorporation of larger-diameterblower and intercooler plumbing (3 inches, as opposed to 2.5 inches onthe Stage I), upsized intercoolers (with 4.5-inch cores, up from 3.5inches), and a new belt-routing configuration that increases wrap areaby 35 to 40 percent. According to Jensen, the numerous changes enablethe Stage II kit to outperform its predecessor by 30 to 40 horsepowerwhile spinning the P-1SC head unit at a significantly lower speed. "Thelower [blower] speed makes the system more efficient and reduces theamount of heat generated, which in turn helps make even more power," hesays.

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Another benefit of tilting the radiator is that doing so makes room fora larger air filter. A conical filter (left) replaces the old panel unitfrom the Stage I kit and provides vastly superior flow.

Jones is quick to point out that all of the new features werepainstakingly designed to facilitate a full, minimally onerous return tofactory condition if the owner so desires. "We realize that Corvettecustomers are going to be more demanding than most, so we go to greatlengths to ensure that the installation is clean and that it doesn'trequire any cutting or fabrication," he says. "You can bolt the kit on,pick up a couple hundred horsepower, and when you're ready to sell thecar, just pull the blower off. No one will know it was there."


Sounds impressive, but how does it play out in hard numbers? To findout, we decamp from Lenexa for MC Racing in nearby Overland Park and putthe car to the test on the shop's Dynojet chassis dynamometer.

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This photo shows the complete air-intake setup as installed on the car.Note the revised orientation of the radiator.

In unmodified form, the Z06 peaks at 355.06 hp and 344.50 lb-ft oftorque--pretty typical figures for a 2002-or-later model. The nextmorning, following a late-night installation session at ProChargerheadquarters, the blown car cooks up a fairly flabbergasting 527.49 hpand 436.89 lb-ft, whistling a merry, forced-induction tune in theprocess. Allowing for a standard 15 percent loss through the driveline,we can calculate that the Stage II Vette is making 620.57 horses and513.98 lb-ft at the flywheel. Among remotely accessible performancevehicles, only the $140,000, 550-hp Ford GT can approximate this kind offirepower.

Incredibly, a close look at the dyno graph reveals there's even moresnort to be had out beyond the engine's 6600-rpm fuel cut. Where thestock LS6's output begins to plateau at around 5800 rpm, the ProChargedengine's power curve resembles a topographical rendering of Annapurna I.This is the cardinal strength of a centrifugal supercharger: Properlysized, it will pump out as much power as your engine--and yournerves--can take.

Unwilling to risk scattering our tester's internally stock motor, westop with the 527-rwhp pull and call it a day.

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Although notably larger than their Stage I counterparts, the newintercoolers tuck neatly into the space above the Vette's factory splashpanels. Ensuring that the car can easily be returned to stock conditionis a priority with all of ProCharger's Corvette kits, according tocompany supremo Dan Jones.

Drag Strip

Located a short drive from ProCharger HQ and staffed by some of the mostaccommodating track workers extant, Kansas City International Racewaywas a natural venue for our before-and-after drag testing. The KCIR guysprepped the strip, ran the lights, and manned the water box for ourtest, then turned around and did it all again for that evening'stest-and-tune program. Impressive.

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True to ProCharger's design mandate, the finished package is clean andkludge-free. ProCharger puts installation time at 6 to 8 hours, andaccess to a lift is recommended.

Not wanting to embarrass ourselves any more than we typically do, we askProCharger to furnish us with a proper test pilot, one of which thecompany conveniently has on the payroll. As an erstwhile force in theFun Ford Weekend Race Series (where he was the first driver to run an8-second ET in the Street Outlaw class) Motorsports Director Jim Summersis more than equal to the task of extracting optimum numbers from theblown Z06.

After making a few partial passes to familiarize himself with the Vette,Summers clicks off a series of mid-11-second runs at around 124mph--deeply impressive, yes, but perhaps a hair on the mild side for a620-horse car. A portable weather station brought along by theProCharger crew tells the tale: Although KCIR is located just 758 feetabove sea level, the soupy spring air is registering an altitudeequivalent of over 2800 feet. (Imagine driving through a 1320-foot-thickcurtain of Aunt Jemima and you have a rough idea of what we were upagainst.) Plugging in an NHRA-standard correction for that altitude, wefind that our numbers are off by around four tenths and four mph.

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With the Stage II kit huffing out a modest 6 psi, our Z06 testerdownloaded 527 horsepower to the rollers on the MC Racing chassis dyno.That's an improvement of 172 hp (or 48.5 percent) over stock. Percentagegains should be even more impressive for the LS1 C5 kit, which uses asmaller, 7-psi pulley.

Not that you'd notice the difference from the driver's seat. A shortblast around KCIR and its environs reveals the Stage II Z06 to beshatteringly fast, with full-throttle acceleration packing the tidalinexorability of a jet take-off. Combine the LS6's inherentlyfree-revving nature with the relentless surge of power from the Stage IIblower, and it almost seems a shame to upshift.

Tire of the adrenaline rush, however, and the car can play solid citizenwith the best of them. Absent the usual fast-car tip-offs--thesyncopated patter of a performance camshaft, the yowl of a free-flowingexhaust system--the Stage II Z06 is a model of Lutheran docility (atleast insofar as any Z06 can be considered docile). The nature of thepower delivery mirrors that of the stock LS6; there's simply much, muchmore of it with which to get oneself into big, stupid, Super DaveOsborne-style trouble. Note to buyers: Leave the electronic traction andstability minders on, and check the speedo often.

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ProCharger Motorsports Director and former pro racer Jim Summers spurredthe blown Vette to a best pass of 11.45 seconds at 124.94 mph. Withbetter air and a stouter clutch, the Stage II Z06 is very likely a10-second car.

Back at the ProCharger trailer, the crew strips away the superchargerand supporting hardware so we can obtain acceleration numbers on theunblown Z06. In order to minimize downtime, the techs elect to leave theradiator in its canted position and reinstall the filter and tubing fromthe blower kit. Considering that this ad hoc arrangement closelyresembles some of the aftermarket C5 cold-air kits we've tested, wefigure this "stock" Z06 is probably around 10 to 15 hp--or one or twotenths--healthier than an off-the-lot example. Denuded of itsaftermarket performance gear, the car bolts to a best ET of 12.16seconds at 116.09 mph--plenty stout for an essentially stock car pushinga bow wake of atmospheric slop. That's around eight tenths and eight mphslower than the supercharged car, which could undoubtedly go faster iffitted with a more substantial clutch and driven accordingly. (As it is,Summers has been taking it easy on the stock disc, and we're frankly alittle surprised at its continued good health.) All in all, it's a hellof a showing for what is essentially the Stage II program's beta-versionunit.

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The ProCharger crew performs the world's fastest blower removal. Bytesting the car in both supercharged and naturally aspirated forms, wewere able to determine precisely how the added power played out in termsof real-world performance. The unblown Z06 managed a quite respectable12.16 at 116.09.

Jones wants more. "Let's get that blower back on and see if we can'tcrack 125," he says. The ProCharger pit crew springs unhesitatingly intoaction, and one can't help but be impressed by the selfless dedicationto purpose the man inspires among his troops.

A little over an hour later, with the blower gear reinstalled and theKCIR guys starting to get ever-so-antsy, Summers guns the car throughthe pits and heads for the starting line.

Out past the 1,000-foot marker and the Vette is still pulling, pulling.Everyone's feeling the vibe now, and respiration is audibly suspended asthe car flashes through the traps. After what seems an eternity, thescoreboard brings collective exultation: It's an 11.45 at 124.94mph--well within rounding distance of Jones's 125-mph bogey. Punching thenumbers into our calculator reveals a scorching 11.07 at 129.35 insea-level conditions, making the 6-psi Stage II Z06 a legitimatecontender for 10-second-street-car status.

As the regulars file in for the night's festivities, we catch a partingshot of radio-borne synchronicity through the hiss and crackle of theKCIR PA system: It's George Thorogood, alliterating his way through the1982 tough-guy anthem "Bad to the Bone." It's a fitting end to the day,and all is good in Kansas City.


MC Racing
Overland Park, KS 66206
Mid America Motorworks
Effingham, IL
Mickey Thompson Performance Tires & Wheels
Corona, CA 92881
ATI ProCharger
Lenexa, KS 66215
Tire Kingdom
Palm Harbor, FL
(727) 786-4296
Kansas City International Raceway
Kansas City, MO 64138


How To
Check out this new Tech Article on Prochargers new stage II C5 kit. Coverage by Vette Magazine.
Jay Heath Sep 16, 2005


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