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Our power-adder-ready ATK short-block gets a big hit of nitrous on the dyno

An NOS kit gives 200 easy horsepower at the touch of a button

Richard Holdener Mar 29, 2019
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For those of you keeping score, the ATK 408 stroker short-block had yet to receive any power-adders. This despite being designed specifically for such an occasion, but we are about to remedy that situation here and now. If you just joined the party, we’ll take a slight detour here to catch you up. Some time back, we received an assembled short-block from the good folks over at ATK. This particular short-block had a lot to offer, including increased displacement, low compression, and being chock-full of forged internals. The trio made the short-block primed and ready for boost and/or nitrous. The and/or portion of the equation being important here as we subjected the stroker to what can be considered a healthy dose of nitrous. The stroker short-block featured an iron block teamed with a forged crank, rods, and pistons, all from Manley. The -29cc-dish pistons helped create a very boost-friendly static compression ratio, while the extra displacement ensured plenty of off-boost power.

As good as the boost-ready short-block was, it needed a few other parts before it could even be called an engine, let alone swallow all that glorious nitrous. To complete the 408 for testing, we added a Comp cam, a set of as-cast GM LS3 heads, and a single-plane Victor Jr. intake. Other niceties included an adjustable timing set, Holley oil pan, and Comp shaft rockers. The single-plane intake was fed by a Holley 850 Ultra XP carb, while an MSD controller designed specifically for the 58x crank sensor handled the ignition chores. The -29cc-dish pistons combined with the 69cc combustion chambers and Fel-Pro MLS head gaskets (0.041-inch thick) to produce a static compression ratio of 8.8:1. ATK also offers the 408 stroker with piston configurations to increase the static compression, including -4cc flat-tops. To complete the stroker, we relied on a stack of parts from Summit, as well as ATI for one of their Super Dampers, which will come in handy on the next test when we introduce boost from a ProCharger centrifugal supercharger. Run in naturally aspirated trim, the low-compression 408 produced 557 hp at 6,300 rpm and 514 lb-ft of torque at 4,900 rpm. Now it is time for our first power-adder.

Nothing adds power as easily or inexpensively as nitrous. Originally used by both the British and Germans on their World War II aircraft, it eventually trickled down to hot rodders. Street racers have been using this amazing substance for decades, but its popularity surged when The Fast and the Furious franchise brought it to the big screen, to say nothing of the successful Street Outlaws TV series. Nitrous oxide works by introducing extra oxygen molecules to the engine. Since power production is primarily a function of the amount of oxygen present, the extra oxygen molecules provide a substantial power boost. It should be pointed out that nitrous oxide is not technically a fuel; in fact, it is not even flammable. Only after the oxygen molecule has been released from its nitrogen counterpart can it be successfully combined with the requisite fuel (gas), then properly converted to horsepower. This release takes place when the compound is heated to 572 degrees, a temperature that is easily reached during the combustion process. As another plus, the nitrous oxide is stored as a liquid and converted to a gas (a process called boiling), but this happens at a very low -129 degrees, meaning the injection also provides a substantial cooling effect. We call that a win/win.

To demonstrate the power offered by nitrous oxide, we installed a NOS CrossHair plate kit. The CrossHair kit employs the usual nitrous plate, but rather than the standard array of two bars, one each for nitrous and fuel, the CrossHair system adds another set, running perpendicular to the first. This cross pattern allows sizable power gains since it is essentially a pair of nitrous kits all wrapped up in a single (taller) plate. To ensure adequate nitrous flow, the CrossHair kit features high-flow Cheater Race solenoids. The power supplied by the system is adjustable through the provided jetting, up to 350 hp. We ran a pair of the smallest (52) nitrous jets designed to add a solid 200 hp. The nitrous jetting was combined with 1,000 psi of bottle pressure, 47 fuel jets, and 60 psi of fuel pressure. Though we ran on 112-octane Rockett Brand race fuel, we still retarded the ignition timing by 8 degrees. The result was an increase in power from 557 hp and 514 lb-ft of torque to a peak of 814 hp and 763 lb-ft of torque. The activation spike number looked impressive, but the system settled in to a more realistic peak number of 784 hp. The NOS nitrous kit added a solid 227 hp to our 408 stroker, more than we expected, but when is that ever a bad thing?

002 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 2/18

Our boost and nitrous-ready ATK short-block (PN SP40-B) featured Manley forged internals, forged power-adder-ready dished pistons, and ARP main studs.

003 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 3/18

To ensure plenty of power even in naturally aspirated trim, we added a Comp cam. The healthy Comp cam offered a 0.621/0.624-inch lift split, a 235/251-degree duration split, and 113-degree LSA.

004 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 4/18

To move plenty of air we went with Chevrolet Performance LS3 cylinder heads. To handle the increased lift of the Comp cam we did a valvespring upgrade, and installed Comp hardened pushrods and a set of Max-Lift BSR shaft rockers. These new non-adjustable shaft rockers from Comp give the stability of shaft rockers at a very affordable price. Other parts, such as the front, rear, and valley covers, along with all the needed sensors to complete the short-block were sourced from Summit Racing.

005 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 5/18

With boost and nitrous in the cards, we secured the LS3 heads with Fel-Pro MLS (PN 1061-041) head gaskets and ARP head studs. The -29cc-dish pistons combined with the 69cc combustion chambers to produce a static compression ratio of 8.8:1.

006 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 6/18

The Holley oil pan (PN 302-1) was designed to work with the factory truck (or LS3) windage tray, but the tray required washers and some massaging to clear the 4.000-inch stroker crank.

007 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 7/18

Feeding the LS3-headed stroker was a single-plane Edelbrock Victor Jr. intake. We tried both 750 and 850 Ultra XP carbs on the Edelbrock intake, but the 850 version offered an extra 4-6 hp.

008 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 8/18

The carbureted LS stroker required an ignition system so we installed this MSD ignition controller (PN 6012). The MSD unit plugged right into the factory coil packs, cam and crank sensors, and worked with the ATK engine’s 58x reluctor wheel.

009 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 9/18

The MSD ignition was teamed with a set of ACCEL plug wires with ceramic boots to keep the header heat at bay. Having burned up more than a few sets of plug wires we’re pretty happy to see these come to market.

010 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 10/18

Run on the dyno in naturally aspirated trim, the 408 stroker produced peak numbers of 557 hp at 6,300 rpm and 514 lb-ft of torque at 4,900 rpm. Pretty stout considering the compression ratio and the fact you could run this on 87-octane gas.

011 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 11/18

Since the ATK stroker was designed for power-adder use, our first step was to apply this NOS CrossHair nitrous system (PN 12566NOS).

012 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 12/18

The CrossHair system got its name from the arrangement of the multiple spray bars employed. Think of it as two nitrous kits in one simple plate.

013 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 13/18

The power output supplied by the kit is adjustable with the supplied jetting. We ran 52 nitrous jets combined with 47 fuel jets for an advertised total of 200 hp.

014 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 14/18

The NOS Cheater Race solenoids were designed to flow plenty of nitrous and fuel and had no problem supporting our intended power level.

015 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 15/18

Prior to running, we made sure to heat the NOS bottle to achieve the recommended pressure near 1,000 psi. In a car we would use a bottle heater to keep the bottle pressure in the sweet spot, but at Westech we use a hot water bath.

016 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 16/18

Think about how cool it is to add 200 hp to any engine. Run in naturally aspirated trim, the 408 produced 557 hp and 514 lb-ft of torque. After activation of the plate nitrous system, the nitrous-injected stroker thumped out peaks of 814 hp and 763 lb-ft of torque, though the real power number was more like 784 hp after the activation spike. Apparently, the 200hp rating was a tad on the conservative side.

017 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 17/18
018 ATK Engines Crate NOS Crosshair Cam Shaft Rocker Dyno Nitrous 18/18

Photography by Richard Holdener; Steven Rupp

Sources

Comp Cams
Memphis, TN 38118
901-795-2400
http://www.compcams.com
Summit Racing
800-230-3030
www.summitracing.com
Westech Performance
Mira Loma, CA 91752
951-685-4767
www.westechperformance.com
ATK High Performance Engines
Grand Prairie, TX 75050
800-421-3746
http://www.atk-engines.com/
ATI Racing
Baltimore, MD 21207
877-298-4343
www.atiracing.com
Chevrolet Performance
chevrolet.com/performance
Fel-Pro
Southfield, MI 48034
800-325-8886
www.felpro-only.com
Edelbrock
Torrance, CA 90503
800-416-8628
www.edelbrock.com
MSD
El Paso,
888-258-3835
MSDPerformance.com
Gandrud Chevrolet
800-242-2844
www.GandrudChevrolet.com
Holley/Hooker/NOS
270-782-2900
www.holley.com

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