Early Corvette Big-Block Engines - True Power

Just How Powerful Were Corvette's Early Big-Blocks?

Phillip Falk Aug 16, 2010 0 Comment(s)
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The '70 SS454 Chevelle, with a 454ci, solid-lifter, high-compression, LS6 engine, was rated 450 gross hp at 5,600 rpm and 500 lb-ft of torque at 3,600 rpm. That engine had the same internals (camshaft, heads, lifters, and so on) and 780-cfm carb as the L72 427. Many enthusiasts thought the LS6 was the more powerful engine, but Tom Langdon, a '60's Corvette powertrain development engineer, pointed out, "Increasing the stroke without enlarging the bore doesn't translate into a real increase in power. Some of that extra power is eaten up by increased friction. A good 427 (L88) would put out about 600 horsepower. The 454 pulled more torque, but power was just about the same as the L88." (This quote comes from Classic Corvette-The First 30 Years by Mike Mueller, originally published by Motorbooks.) Langdon's statement also applies to the L72 and LS6. They were identical engines except for stroke-derived cubic inches, and both made 450 hp.

Corp_1009_05_o Chevy_l71_corvette_engine Front_view 2/11

Notice that the 425hp L72 and 450hp LS6 were both rated at 5,600 rpm. This had to be a carefully considered rpm number for Chevrolet. If the LS6's 450 hp had been advertised closer to 6,400 rpm, where peak power actually occurred, the new 454 would have looked no stronger than the 427. It was no secret that early production L72s had been rated 450 hp at 6,400 rpm. The 454 did develop more torque, but torque doesn't sell fast cars. Chevy had to make its new engine look more powerful than the old one, and 5,600 rpm accomplished that.

With the introduction of the 454 engine, Chevy gave us more realistic horsepower ratings. It was becoming all too obvious that the horsepower wars were drawing to a close. With nothing to lose, this may have prompted more accurate reporting. The LS6 was given a believable 450hp rating, and the LJ2 was slated for 460 hp. However, truth in ratings did not extend to the LS7 and LT2, the 454-inch replacements for the L88 and ZL1, respectively. Both should have been rated at over 500 hp rather than the scheduled 465. Chevy wanted to be honest, but not that honest. There would have been some explaining to do if the horsepower prohibition watchdogs realized street-going rocket ships were being sold and powered by L88 and ZL1 engines.

Rating the L71
We have determined that the L72 engine had a true rating of 450 (SAE gross) and 345 (SAE net) hp. Now let's look at the L71. The only difference between the two engines was carburetion. The L72 had one Holley four-barrel flowing 780 cfm, and the L71 had three Holley two-barrel carburetors capable of feeding the engine at 1,000 cfm. This triple-carb setup gave the L71 an official rating of 435 hp at 5,800 rpm. Along with flowing more air, Tri-power provided a more efficient flow to the cylinders, all of which resulted in 10 more horsepower. However, that 435 rating was not the peak horsepower that the L71 actually produced. It most likely made the same 460 SAE gross hp that LJ2 was to be rated. Langdon's statement that a 454 developed more torque but the same horsepower as an equivalent 427 is the basis for assuming that the L71 and LJ2 made equal power. A 460hp L71 makes perfect sense. We have already established that the L72 made 450 gross hp, and Chevrolet maintained a 10hp difference between Tri-power and four-barrel-equipped 427 and 454 engines.




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