Know the Paint and Body Lingo

Paint & Body Terms and Definitions.

Steve Dulcich May 1, 2008 0 Comment(s)

Glaze ::: Materials used to fill minor imperfections to improve the surface quality of body filler. Glazing putty was traditionally a single component acrylic, but today, catalyzed polyester putties are commonly used. Fine grain and easy sanding are the primary characteristics of glazing putty.

Gravity Feed ::: A configuration of spray equipment where the paint material is fed into the spray gun from the top by gravity.

HVLP ::: Stands for High-Volume/Low-Pressure. It refers to the design of modern spray equipment originally introduced to meet air-quality regulations by reducing air-borne overspray.

Lacquer ::: The old standard for custom paintwork. Lacquers are a distinct paint type characterized by fast drying times and the ability to be easily polished to a beautiful luster. Poor chemical resistance and durability are the downside, often resulting in surface cracking and fading. Older Corvettes were originally painted with acrylic lacquer paint.

Mixing Ratios ::: The amount of various components in the proper proportions to produce the final mix for spraying.

Orange Peel ::: A surface flaw condition in which the paint goes on with too much texture. Usually caused by improper air pressure, mixing ratio, solvent speed, gun technique, or a combination of the preceding.

Overspray ::: Atomized particles of the refinish materials being sprayed that become airborne and do not flow onto the panel being sprayed. Overspray becomes debris, which can ruin the finish or detailing of areas that are not being painted, and can settle as unwanted dust on adjacent panels to be painted in a poorly evacuated paint booth.

Pinholes ::: Surface flaws in the form of small pin-sized holes in the paint, often resulting from excessive solvents, inadequate flash time, or surface contamination.

Polyester Resin ::: Resin type used for fiberglass work, and the material basis for the Corvette fiberglass body.

Primer-Sealer ::: A primer used to isolate the existing substrate, or to provide some filling and surface enhancement before the finish color coats. Sealers are generally not sanded.

Primer-Surfacer ::: A primer designed specifically to build thickness for filling shallow surface flaws by sanding.

Reducer ::: Generic term for the solvent used to thin (reduce) enamels, urethanes, and epoxies.

Seam Sealer ::: Putty-like product used to seal seams or gaps in the body. Available in solvent-based formulations, as well as water based, in bulk cans, or caulking tubes. Seam sealer is used in hidden areas of the bodywork, such as the door jambs and cowl where appearance is a secondary concern.

Shrinkage ::: The characteristic of paint or filler to "shrink" with time as a full cure is reached, making surface flaws and sanding scratches reappear. Common with older air-dry, lacquer-based primers and acrylic spot putties.

Single-Stage ::: A paint system in which the color and gloss properties are both contained in a single topcoat product.

Substrate ::: The surface any primer or topcoat is applied over.

Suction Feed ::: A configuration of spray equipment where the paint material is drawing into the gun from a cup at the bottom by the venturi action of the gun.

Tack Cloth ::: Cheesecloth impregnated with a tacky coating used to wipe dust or dry overspray from the surface before spraying.

Thinner ::: Solvent used to thin lacquer-based products.

Two-Stage ::: A paint system in which the color is applied as a primary product (basecoat); followed by the clearcoat to provide the gloss and reflectivity.

Urethane ::: Similar to acrylic enamels, but using urethane resins. Urethane has all the desirable characteristics of acrylic enamel, but generally with enhanced durability.

VOC ::: Volatile Organic Chemicals. The VOC levels of the final sprayable mix of the various undercoat, paint, and clearcoat products is highly regulated in some regions.

Wet-Sanding ::: Sanding with waterproof sandpaper using water to wash away the sanding debris. Creates a higher quality surface than dry sanding, and allows the sandpaper to last longer without clogging.

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