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More Lift, More Duration

Sticking Red Dog's 5.3L With A Healthier Camshaft

Ro McGonegal Aug 29, 2005

When we left this fat ol' mutt last month, its motor was fixed with the foundation for a spicier camshaft. A Crane rocker-arm kit (1.8:1, dual valvesprings, stouter pushrods, etc.) and the beginnings of a deep breathing apparatus (K&N cold-air intake and Bassani after-cat system) laid the groundwork for a Crane cam featuring more lift and duration than the stock camshaft. Although our Silverado is equipped with a 5.3L engine (325ci), this stick can also be applied to a 4.8, 5.7, or a 6.0L engine with similar results.

Roger Vinci specified the grind (HR-210/ 3241-2S-12 2A) because it works well with the stock LM7 aluminum cylinder heads (61.15cc combustion chambers, 9.5:1 compression ratio, 200cc intake-port volume, 70cc exhaust-port volume, 1.89-inch intake valve, 1.55-inch exhaust valve) and the OE cast iron exhaust manifolds that remain intact for the initial phases. This grind also promises compatibility with freer-breathing heads, tubular headers, high-flow catalytic converters, and the roots-type supercharger that will likely complete the final combination. With a 1.7:1-ratio rocker arm, the specs are 0.551-inch lift for both valves and 210/218 degrees of duration at 0.050-inch.

Ancillary equipment for the cam swap was Crane's adjustable dual-roller timing set (PN: 144984-1), including billet steel sprockets, oil pump spacers, and instal-lation hardware. This tough ensemble ensures that the timing gear will stay where it should be. Without it, the worst case would be that the cam slides back in the block, causing the lifters to hit the lobes next to them as well as the cam-bearing journals, chipping the lifters and the sides of the lobes. Further, the cam sprocket can be adjusted to retard or advance timing by five degrees, but Vinci's Greg Warner installed our camshaft straight up.

As you've noticed, gasoline prices have become a concern, notorious in some parts of the country. In mid-May, 93-octane was selling for $2.26 a gallon in central Florida; in southern California during the same period, we paid as much as $2.95 for 91, the highest rating available there. We wondered how this normally aspirated engine equipment would affect the overall picture. Without getting too involved, our strictly around-town numbers are something like 14 mpg; a mixture of super-slab and stoplights puts the tally a bit beyond 18, and that's without regard to the throttle. Of course, a large part of this has to do with the engine design; the stuff we put to it has simply magnified its superiority.

On the visceral side, the engine now has a loping idle that smoothes out some-what as the engine reaches operating temperature. It sounds like the old days, and elicits that same bad-boy emotion from a middle-age psyche and stirs some cayenne in the blood. As designed for mid- and upper-range response, the cam is a bit on the lazy side under normal throttle, but when you push the pedal halfway down, the engine zings. Mat the throttle and it goes right to six grand with a head-turning howl. Passing up a semi on a two-lane in the bug-blown, tar-black Florida night is no more difficult than popping a tallboy by the pool.

So far, the engine enhancements have provide these corrected maximum outputs: stock: 289.4 lb-ft, 236.7 hp; Crane rocker-arm kit: 299.6 lb-ft, 255.9 hp; K&N and Bassani exhaust: 318.9 lb-ft, 273.5 hp; Crane cam: 324.2 lb-ft, 304.7 hp. Next, well be looking for more low-end, as well as an increase in top-end performance with aftermarket cylinder heads, tube headers and high-flow catalytic converters. Think you can stay awake?


Warner has already removed the coil packs from the rocker covers, upper and lower fan shrouds, the engine-mounted fan, radiator, A/C condenser, the air-intake tract, water pump, heater hoses, and the serpentine belts. He also has removed the rocker arms, pushrods, and spark plugs. Pulling the timing cover exposes the single-roller timing gear and the oil pump (at bottom). Just to the left of the bottom of the oil pump (and to the rear of the blue pan gasket), you can see the oil pump pick-up tube...

...It must be removed in order to take off the oil pump. Raise the truck on a lift, and loosen the oil pan bolts and two of the bellhousing bolts to lower the pan about 1/2 inch. The concern is that the bolt holding the pick-up tube to the pump might tumble into the oil pan by mistake. To counter this, reinstall one of the timing-cover bolts in the block. Loosen the oil pump pick-up bolt two turns, the tie a length of monofilament around the bolt to secure it and attach the other end to the timing-cover bolt. Then remove the pick-up bolt and the four (light-colored) bolts holding the oil pump to the block. Ease the pump off the pick-up tube and take it from the block.

Using the original damper bolt, rotate the crankshaft until the timing marks on the cam and the crank sprocket are aligned. (Notice the end of the oil-pump pick-up tube at lower left)...

...Remove the four cam-gear retainer bolts, the cam gear, and the chain. Take off the sprocket gear with a puller.

To pull the cam out, use the three water-pump bolts as a handle. Rotate the camshaft to push to lifters up into the bores. You can't feel this happening but a couple of turns will do the trick. Then slowly pull the cam out of the block, as not to nick the bearings.

Prep the Crane cam by washing it thoroughly to remove the packing grease. Run a brush down the middle of it for the same reason. Dry with compressed air. Apply drops of Crane break-in lube to the lobes and journals, working it in by hand. Using the three bolts as a handle again, insert the cam slowly into the block. Coat the retainer plate with a film of oil and install the bolts (as long as you can feel the ridge of the O-ring gasket, it's safe to reuse the original plate). Torque bolts to 22 lb-ft on iron block (18 lb-ft on aluminum one).

As the installation device for the new sprocket, use the old sprocket, centering it over the double-row unit and applying enough torque on the installation device to push it home...

...Apply the Crane lube to all surfaces, including the thrust bearing (supplied with kit).

The double-roller cam gear has provision for advancing or retarding the camshaft simply by loosening the Allen screws and moving the sprocket accordingly...

...Secure the gear to the camshaft with red Loctite on the bolts and torque to 26 ft-lb...

...Align the timing dots on the gears, and tighten the Allen timing-gear bolts by hand. Repeat the procedure. Note oil pump pick-up tube.

Clean the oil return hole (to the oil pump) and apply some sealer around it. Align the pump with the pick-up tube O-ring (use a mirror to verify the fit)...

...Install the provided shims behind the oil pump to gain the clearance needed for the extra width of the double roller chain. Attach the pick-up tube.

Raise the truck again. Tighten the oil-pan bolts as well as the two bellhousing bolts previously loosened in order to drop the oil pan.

Replace the timing-gear cover, being sure to align the hole for the crank snout on either side. For an added measure of reliability, we replaced the crank bolt with a hefty ARP unit (PN: 234-2503) torqued to 250 ft-lb...

...Reinstall the rocker arms (tightening and bleeding the lifters down in the proper sequence), rocker covers, and coil packs.

Vinci specified Champion RS12YC spark plugs (right). The OE Denso extended-reach platinum plugs have a 0.120-inch projection. The Champions are only 0.060-inch. Vinci favors them in the face of the increased combustion-chamber pressures of a modified engine. Warner gapped them at 0.040-inch.

Crane cam installation (Note: 5.3L already equipped with Crane 1.8:1 rocker-arm kit, K&N air-intake system and Bassani after-cat exhaust). Variables such as relative humidity, barometric pressure, and intake-air temperature (among others) have a great influence on empirical data, and can vary engine output by 10-15 (or more) horsepower and foot-pounds of torque (at the wheels). Though Maitland, FL, is technically at 98 feet above sea level, atmospheric factors and air-inlet temperature can easily put calculated altitude at 1,000-plus-feet above. As the weather became warmer and the humidity higher, the correction factor jumped from .98 to 1.04.

Absolute Barometric Pressure: 29.66 in.Hg.
Vapor Pressure: 0.69 in.Hg.
Intake Air Temperature: 102.0ºF
Correction Factor: 1.04 SAE
Measured Corrected
3000 304.3 173.8 315.8 180.4
3100 303.4 179.1 314.9 185.9
3200 305.1 185.9 316.7 193.0
3300 303.5 190.7 315.0 197.9
3400 303.5 196.5 315.0 203.9
3500 305.3 203.4 316.9 211.2
3600 308.1 211.2 319.8 219.2
3700 306.3 215.8 318.0 224.0
3800 309.2 223.7 321.0 232.2
3900 312.3 231.9 324.2 240.7
4000 312.2 237.7 324.1 246.8
4100 311.3 243.0 323.1 252.3
4200 308.7 246.8 320.4 256.2
4300 308.3 252.4 320.0 262.0
4400 308.0 258.0 319.8 267.9
4500 304.5 260.9 316.1 270.8
4600 305.8 267.9 317.5 278.1
4700 306.0 273.8 317.7 284.3
4800 301.3 275.4 312.8 285.8
4900 298.7 278.7 310.1 289.3
5000 296.9 282.6 308.2 293.4
5100 297.2 288.6 308.5 299.6
5200 395.5 292.5 306.7 303.7
5300 390.9 293.6 302.0 304.7
5400 382.7 290.6 293.4 301.7
5500 276.1 289.1 286.6 300.1
5600 268.9 286.7 279.1 297.6
5700 262.9 285.3 272.9 296.1
5800 255.1 281.7 264.8 292.5
5900 247.7 278.3 257.2 288.9
6000 109.4 124.9 113.6 129.7
AVG: 290.6 245.2 301.7 254.5

Covering Our Butt
A camper shell had covered Red Dog's sparkly-clean bed since birth, and we wanted to maintain this near-pristine appearance. Instead of a complete bed liner, we opted for a heavy-duty Autotechnica mat and cloaked it with Agri-Cover's new Lorado soft tonneau. We liked the idea of a soft roll-up cover rather than a hard shell, because the bulk we'd be carrying would often surpass the height of the bed, making it impossible to latch the fixed cover. Aside from its aesthetic contribution, the tonneau also affords aerodynamic efficiency by keeping the air stream from bouncing off the tailgate.

0510ch_truck1_20_z 28/27

Powermax Performance Power Tuner
PN 1202-003
When all the equipment is in place, it must be shuffled to produce the maximum effect. Greg Warner initially applied a few of the PPT's programs to keep the "check engine" light from coming on and to keep the fuel cut-off from activating (stock is 98 mph but Greg upped it to unlimited), so he was able to make the dyno runs in Third gear. But he didn't tune the package (rocker-arm kit, exhaust system, air intake) until he'd finished the camshaft installation. The idea here is to maintain good drivability, economy, and reliability. Prior to applying the tuner's knowledge, Warner removed fuses 13, 16, 29, and 30 from the interior panel and fuse 60 from the under-hood panel in order to temporarily disable these Special Engine Options. After he finished the programming--and before starting the engine--he reinstalled the fuses to enable the options once again. Warner focused attention on upping the speed to unlimited; bumping the timing up by 10 percent; upping the idle speed 150 rpm; making the transmission shifts firmer; and applying the Cam 3 tune-up. The Cam 3 program does not anticipate heavy towing, and the camshaft used here is designed to maximize mid-range and top-end power. Further, Cam 3 can also be used with a supercharger producing a maximum boost of 6 psi, as well as controlling higher fuel-flow injectors. Good thing--we'll need this before long.Aside from these parameters, the Crane PPT also allows the adjustment of tuning according to octane grade; compensates the speedometer/odometer for over/under-size tires; provides three levels of tuning (economy, RV/towing, and high-performance); optimizes transmission shift points and shift firmness; adjusts idle speed in 50-rpm increments; allows for installation of high-flow fuel injectors; reads diagnostic trouble codes; and more.


Vinci Hi-Performance
Orlando, FL 32808
(407) 292-4500
Agri-Cover, Inc.
Jamestown, ND 58402
Autotechnica Inc.
Chatsworth, CA 91313

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