It's been 2 decades since Detroit began offering overdrive transmissions as original equipment in virtually all vehicles rolling off their assembly lines. And while the OEM's intent was to improve fuel economy and decrease engine wear, it wasn't long before enthusiasts realized the performance gains that were possible by adding another gear with a ratio of less than one-to-one. With overdrive in high gear hot rods could benefit by using a lower (higher numerically) rearend gear, which translated to greater acceleration without the inconvenience of higher rpm while cruising at highway speeds. This was akin to having your cake and eating it to, as high-output engines were allowed to run in their power range while blasting from stop light to stop light, only to be given a reprieve when it came time to hit the open road.
Perhaps the best example is Chevy's venerable 700-R4, which has found its way into everything from Rat-powered Camaros to lightweight small-block-motivated street rods. Of course, it wasn't too long before the factory overdrives started to show their weaknesses when never-satisfied power-mongers upped the ante in the horsepower department. Additionally, with a super-low first gear (3.06:1) and a tall overdrive (.70:1) this was an extremely wide spread of ratios throughout the transmission's range, which didn't allow the engine to best use its torque curve. These dilemmas helped create a cottage industry of developers and manufacturers who attacked the weak areas of the OEM gearboxes. And eventually, transmissions such as the 4L80-E were released from GM to handle the higher power outputs that the racing and street performance scene required. It didn't, however, rectify the widespread ratio drop.
Despite the relative short history of factory overdrive transmissions, the idea of reducing the final drive ratio with an overdriven high gear is far from being new or revolutionary. In fact, El Cajon, California-based Gear Vendors has been offering its bolt-on overdrive for more than 25 years. And while many people who know the name Gear Vendors relate the company's product to being best used to promote better fuel economy among gas-guzzling motorhomes and recreational vehicles, the reality is their bolt-on under/overdrive is virtually bulletproof, adaptable to almost any type of transmission (automatic and manual) and a perfect match in even the highest horsepower machines. In fact, the GV gearbox has been at home behind mega-horse drag cars for years, providing consistent performance quarter-mile after quarter-mile. And, if top speed is what your into, GV-equipped Bonneville racers have been pushing the envelope with the under/overdrive for years on the Salt Flats.
The Gear Vendors unit is essentially a separate automatic gearbox that, with a simple bolt-on dedicated adapter, gives the stock tranny two personalities, effectively doubling its gear ratios throughout the entire range. So instead of having a beefy three-speed Turbo 400 you actually get an equally tough six-speed! And with a closer ratio spread between shifts, your car's engine will better use the power you've given it.
Today's Gear Vendors under/overdrive offers the enthusiast multiple ways to take advantage of its benefits, entirely dependent on what type of driving he is doing. The operator can choose to have the overdrive shift automatically if he is just cruising, or he can shift through the gears manually for maximum performance.
And, unlike most performance-enhancing equipment, installing the Gear Vendors under/overdrive isn't complicated. From underneath, in most cases all that's required is shortening the original driveshaft, removing the factory tailshaft housing and fitting the adapter and under/overdrive to the back of the transmission, and hooking up a couple of wires and the speedometer cable (with its requisite adapter). The unit even bolts to the original trans mount.
Inside the vehicle, you'll need to install the foot-activated shift switch (or one attached to the gear shift handle), the computer control unit (ECU) and the dash-mounted control panel. All hardware is included and simple to work with.
Although we've been aware of the Gear Vendors' popularity, we had never taken the opportunity to have one installed in a project vehicle. Recently, we were given the chance when GV president Rick Johnson called and invited us to drop in and have one of his units installed in a '79 shortbed pickup that we've been working on. While Rick and his crew provided the ultimate installation opportunity for our cameras, the simple truth is, with the exception of having the driveshaft shortened (or in our case switched from a two-piece to a one-piece model), any mechanically adept enthusiast can do this installation in his home garage in a matter of hours. There's virtually no fabricating to be done, and we saw only one hole being drilled (for the wire loom).
After following along as Rick's crew completed the installation, the obvious benefit to our pickup (at this stage, anyway) was improved fuel economy, of which we saw an immediate increase (see sidebar). But with a plethora of suspension and brake upgrades already under its belt, and a new motor waiting in the wings, we're betting there's more to come in the fun-factor department, especially when we lower those rear cogs and improve those zero to 60 times exponentially. Follow along and you'll see how easy it is to do the install, and then stay tuned for a performance update in a future issue when we head back to the track with our Gear Vendors-equipped hauler.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
The easiest way to explain the way the Gear Vendors under/overdrive unit operates is to say that it splits the existing ratio spread of the transmission. The unit is designed to shift under virtually any throttle condition--either up or down - into what can be referred to as a half a gear. What you have is basically 1st gear, 1st over, 2nd and 2nd over, 3rd and 3rd over--for a total of six speeds when using a typical TH 400/350-type transmission. This is the key difference between the GV and other overdrive units: six forward gears, no clutch, always keeping the engine in the powerband.
As for the mechanical workings, the Gear Vendors under/overdrive is basically a compact automatic transmission, employing components made from the finest materials such as the expensive and time-proven reaction planetary system. Beefy parts abound inside the cylindrical case, such as hardened shafts and tough roller clutches. For maximum performance under heavy loads, like towing, there's even an optional ribbed "deep sump" that increases the volume of transmission fluid and keeps it cooler.
All told, the Gear Vendors under/overdrive unit will allow you to maximize the potential of your machine, and at the same time have direct input on how to control it. Whether it is behind a 400-horse Camaro or a 1,200-horse Super Comp dragster, the under/overdrive can take the abuse.
23-PERCENT INCREASES IN MILEAGE AND 100-PERCENT MORE FUN!
It is great to drive down the road at 75 to 80 mph and not have the feeling that you are abusing the engine. On long trips you really notice the decrease in interior noise due to the decrease in engine rpm's. But the biggest improvement came when I made less visits to the gas pump as a result of the increased fuel economy. An honest calculation had the '79 pickup's mileage improving from 11.6 miles per gallon to 14.2 miles per gallon. That equates to a phenomenal 23 percent better fuel economy.
The best part of having a Gear Vendors under/overdrive in the truck is that it turned the Turbo 400 transmission into a six speed. The Gear Vendors unit gives you two options when it comes to driving, the first is to put it on the automatic overdrive mode that can be programmed to shift into overdrive at any speed you set. In our application we programmed it to shift into overdrive at 47 mph. The second option is to switch the Gear Vendor into the manual mode and begin gear splitting. The unit can also be programmed to shift from first gear to first gear overdrive automatically at a set mile per hour, which allows you to launch on the dragstrip. We programmed our unit to shift at 20 mph, this was the first time we had been able to chirp the tires while shifting.
Once you shift into second gear you can switch it out of overdrive and wait until you reach the top of second gear and switch into second gear overdrive. Then once you shift into third gear, once again switch it out of overdrive and wait until you reach the top of third gear and switch it again back into overdrive. Hey, this was definitely a cool ride!
Gear splitting is the fun part of using a Gear Vendors under/overdrive. It gives you the ability to reduce your quarter-mile times by allowing you to keep the engine's speed up between gears and stay in its optimum powerband. Every time you shift into overdrive you are adding 22 percent to your gear ratio. So you are turning your wide-ratio three-speed into a six-speed low-ratio under/overdrive.
Gear Vendors has just introduced their new six-speed and eight-speed auto shift control that automates even more of the gear-splitting feature.
While at Gear Vendors I had an opportunity to go for a test ride with Rick Johnson in his C5 Corvette with the new eight-speed conversion. It was incredible how much quicker the car accelerated than with the standard four-speed automatic.
We are in the process of building a more powerful engine for this truck; so stay tuned for our quarter-mile test with and without our new gear splitter. For now, with all-time high gas prices, we'll take advantage of the savings at the pump. --Tim Foss