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1970 Chevrolet Corvette - Pure

In Terry Ricer's '70 LT1 Roadster Lays The Essence Of Corvette Magic

Tom Shaw Jul 6, 2009
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If you stripped the Corvette of everything faddish, excessive, impulsive, nonessential, or there for vanity, what you'd be left with would have DNA like Terry Ricer's '70 LT1 roadster. Boiled down to its essence, Corvette is a highly tuned, small-block V-8, mounted in a superb chassis, wrapped in a dramatic, two-seater, fiberglass body. Those three elements combine in ways that exceed the sum of the parts to make every mile of the Corvette driving experience a festival.

That is the exact recipe of the '70 LT1: a low-volume, high-ticket, red-hot small-block, introduced at a time when the rest of the world was captivated by big-blocks. That included Chevrolet. For $289.65 you could check off RPO LS5 and get a whoppin' 454 rated at 390 hp. By comparison, RPO LT1 would set you back a lot more at $447.60-that means you would spend $157.95 more for an engine that gave you 104 fewer cubes, 20 fewer horsepower, and 140 fewer lb-ft. of torque. Is that a good deal? Most Corvette buyers thought not, as the LS5 outsold the LT1, 4,473 to 1,287.

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Rare Bird: The LT1 Corvette is quickly becoming one of the most coveted of all Corvettes.

Those LS5 buyers got what they paid for. But for those who saw the brilliance in the small-block package, less was truly more. The LT1 delivered less curb weight, less forward weight bias, shorter stopping distance, less fuel consumption, lower insurance premiums, less cornering understeer, and better overall balance.

The big-block branch of the Corvette family tree produced some spectacular highs, but it ran only ten years (1965-1974) of the Corvette's 54-year lifespan. We'll never tire of watching and listening to a pumped-up L88 blister through the quarter-mile, but on the flipside, there is merit in the claim that the most pure Corvette experience is wringing out a powerful small-block teamed with a manual transmission along a curvy blacktop that challenges the car's cornering. If you understand that vision and default to it when you see a Corvette, then you can appreciate Terry Ricer's '70 LT1.

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Terry, who hails from Severn, Maryland, grew up in West Virginia where he didn't see a lot of Corvettes. "As a lad, I never saw a Corvette. As a teenager, I never got to ride in one. There were very few around in West Virginia, thus I never had the "passion" for Corvettes that most owners have, especially those my age," he says. Instead, Terry was oh so practical. "I had always bought the 'sensible' vehicles: station wagon, minivan, pickup truck, and so on." OK, we can see where this is going.

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Watch Out: The '70 LT1 engine is regarded by many as the best factory small-block ever built

It took a rude awakening to shake Terry out of that routine. "In September 2001, I got a preliminary diagnosis of cancer, which was confirmed by biopsy in November," Terry says. Now it was time for a fun car. Two types of car had always appealed to him. "I had always wanted a sports car and a convertible," he tells us. "Maybe, just maybe, I could get both in one vehicle." This story is looking better. "I started doing some research and narrowed my choice down to an early Mustang, an early Pontiac, or an early Corvette. I happened to see a '70 Corvette LT1 convertible advertised in the Baltimore Sun. I had the car inspected by some folks I trust, and they pointed out numerous issues. After some hard negotiating, and some misfortune on the part of the previous owner, I purchased the car in December 2001." Take that, minivan.

It was a genuine LT1, with the correct number-matching engine and M21 four-speed transmission, but Terry says it was a "20-footer" in terms of cosmetics. Earlier collision damage to the rear end had been repaired, but the original fuel tank was gone, and with it the original tank sticker. Fortunately, the frame had been spared, and the suspension and driveline were in pretty good shape.

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Hood: All LT1s used the big-block hood as standard equipment.

Because of its rarity, Terry chose to restore the LT1 rather than customize it. the job is coming along nicely, although he says he is only 70 percent of the way there. Terry's goal is to win an NCRS Top Flight award.

During its rehab, Terry discovered some "extra" fuel plumbing, used to burn fuel tank emissions rather than vent them into the atmosphere. This was part of the California emissions package. The car's history is pretty cloudy, but now he knows it originally came from California. He also knows that one of the previous owners really detuned the LT1, putting a small 600-cfm Holley in place of the original and installing a mild hydraulic cam. Needless to say, the LT1's high-winding nature was drastically altered.

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Office: The interior of this LT1 is all business.

Returning the engine to its stock configuration uncovered a whole new character. With its 3.70:1 Posi-traction axle, the Corvette pulls hard all the way to the 6,500-rpm redline. Terry tells us that fuel mileage is nothing to brag about, as he logs 10-12 mpg and gets around 150 miles per tank. More would be better in today's climate, but you've gotta admit that each gallon went for a good cause.

"It's a blast!" Terry says of the driving experience. He is pretty active at Corvette events in his area, as well as on his favorite web site,, and finds that a lot of show-goers don't know what the LT1 is all about. "Most people don't know what it is. They know its something different because it's got the big-block hood. I end up answering a lot of questions."

Yes, the questions. To those restless souls on a quest for knowledge, to the truly curious, to the deep seekers on a pilgrimage to encounter the rich and true Corvette experience, they have come to the right place. The LT1 is the genuine, the authentic, the untainted. The Pure.



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