Subscribe to the Free
Newsletter

A 1960 Chevrolet Corvette with a C5 Drivetrain & Suspension

Lemon Squeeze: A classic C1 fitted with a C5 Z06 drivetrain and suspension

Steve Temple Feb 16, 2016 0 Comment(s)
View Full Gallery

Abraham Lincoln once advised that it’s not smart to swap horses when crossing streams. Apparently that advice never sunk in with John Hadorn, however, who made a big change after saddling up a dilapidated ’60 Corvette. He came about his ride in a roundabout way, as it had been walled up in a garage for about 15 years, in order to prevent any damage from items being stored around it. After prying it out of its self-imposed prison, he intended to restore this classic to an original state with matching numbers. It already had a replacement 283ci, but without a period-correct “519” block casting number. After working on the project part-time for about four years, fixing the frame, chasing down a correct block and rebuilding the drivetrain, the project halted in midstream.

The pause in his progress turned out to be a good thing, as he began to ponder all the drawbacks of the original chassis. After all, the C1’s foundation was a heavy, lumbering design dating back to a 1949 Chevy sedan. That’s why a number of enterprising aftermarket companies have developed replacements for it, using a far more modern chassis setup. SRIII is one such firm, which prompted Hadorn to swap out the underpinnings of his steed while still working on its restoration. But this change led to a host of other technical challenges along the way (which would have hardly surprised Honest Abe, of course).

1960 Chevrolet Corvette Side View 2/30
1960 Chevrolet Corvette Rear View 3/30

Even so, Hadorn had good reasons for his midcourse correction: “I saw an ad for SRIII Motorsports and its custom tubular frames in Vette magazine,” he recalls. “It sparked my imagination for what a custom Corvette would look like. I thought, ‘Well, hey, what about a performance-built Corvette instead?’ This was about the time Chevrolet had released the Z06 Corvette, and I wondered how I could integrate aspects of the new Z06 into an old body.”

After traveling from Arizona to Illinois for a personal visit with SRIII’s Mike Stockdale, Hadorn checked out the design of the frame. It features round-tube construction, triangulated for increased strength and rigidity. The three-dimensional network of tubing is engineered to better resist the twisting forces applied during hard cornering and acceleration.

1960 Chevrolet Corvette Headlights 4/30

It’s also hundreds of pounds lighter than the antiquated chassis used on the solid-axle 1953-’62 Corvettes. When coupled with the 1984-and-later Corvette forged aluminum suspension (also much lighter than the original components), unsprung weight is reduced as well, providing a softer, more controlled ride.

Typically, C5 components are used up front, and C4 out back. Why so? Stockdale points out that using a narrowed C5 up front provides a total of three inches of additional clearance between the upper control arm plates, compared to the stock C4 cradle. The extra 1.5 inches on each side of the engine provides additional clearance for the exhaust headers or manifolds, plus the steering linkage to the power rack. This spacing also simplifies the installation of an LS engine by not having to modify the heater hose pipes on the passenger side of the water pump.

1960 Chevrolet Corvette C5 Drivetrain 5/30
1960 Chevrolet Corvette Engine View 6/30

Other advantages of the C5 include lower front sway bar mounts, again providing for more clearance. And the C5 front geometry is more refined and smoother than the C4. Up front, only the power rack-and-pinion steering is from a C4, since the C5 rack is otherwise too big to fit, Hadorn explains. Last but not least, the C5’s two-piston front brake calipers and 13-inch rotors are superior to the C4 big-brake option.

On the other hand, Stockdale notes, in 1997, the fifth-generation Corvette debuted with the rear-mounted transmission connected to the engine by an aluminum torque tube, which posed challenges to fitting it under earlier models of Corvettes. Installing a C4 independent rearend is simpler, since it locates the transmission up front with a standard driveshaft. And it also weighs less, making it the more logical option for updating the rear suspension of a C1, C2 or C3 Corvette.

1960 Chevrolet Corvette Suspension 7/30

Despite the difficulty of using a C5 rearend under a C1 Vette, Hadorn was not one to be deterred, and decided to make yet another change in midstream. After inspecting an alternate C5 rear setup, he returned to Arizona and Stockdale began tracking down all the necessary drivetrain and suspension parts for him from a salvage yard in north Illinois. That saved Hadorn another trip to Illinois (and instilled some appreciation for Stockdale as well).

A few months later, Hadorn came across a new Corvette resto shop, Speedway Customs, located in Lake Havasu City, Arizona. There he met the owners, Jay and Colleen Jorgensen. “I was looking to get some minor ’glass work done on the body,” he recalls—but this job later turned out to be more than minor. “We spoke about what I wanted done and Jay showed me a ’54 custom that he had just completed. That’s when the vision of the car began to take shape.”

1960 Chevrolet Corvette License Plate 8/30
1960 Chevrolet Corvette Undercarriage 9/30

To marry both old and new, Speedway reworked both the transmission tunnel and trunk floor, the former by creating a larger, boxed shape to increase the clearance. As for the floor, since QA1 coilovers would be replacing the C5’s monoleaf spring, the trunk corners had to be cut out and reglassed with inserts, using taller box-shaped pieces as well. To make more room for the SRIII frame, the spare tire area was flattened, and the rear of the body reshaped to fit a custom exhaust.

Other modifications included splitting and rewelding the rear suspension cradle, narrowing it to fit underneath the body. Other customizing consisted of reworking the bellhousing for the Tremec T-56 M12 six-speed manual and the Z06 rearend, which runs a 3.42:1 ratio with shortened and re-splined axleshafts.

The C5 torque tube was too long, so it was cut and then sectioned with a reinforcing inner sleeve. Lastly, both front and rear sway bars were shortened and sectioned as well. All told, this choice of a C5 rearend was no simple deal, requiring a domino effect of changes to accommodate it.

24 1960 Chevrolet Corvette Drivetrain 10/30
1960 Chevrolet Corvette Engine View 11/30

Hadorn persevered, though. While the chassis and body mods were underway, he obtained an LS6 crate engine from a local Chevy dealer. While not required for fitting the new mill under the hood, he had the engine bay smoothed before dropping it in place. He bolted on a custom exhaust system with 2 1/2-inch polished stainless steel tubing with step headers and merge collectors, plus Borla mufflers and tips.

In the cockpit, the custom-painted center console area features a 1960 clock and defrost panel, but was remolded for a Vintage Air system with oval vents/controls and electric window controls. Other changes made to the cockpit area were removing the passenger-side grab bar and trimming three inches off the glovebox between the seats (to make more room for the drivetrain). Wise Guys Seats provided new frames as well for accommodating the new drivetrain, which were upholstered by Nick Salas of Classy Auto Interiors.

1960 Chevrolet Corvette Interior 12/30
1960 Chevrolet Corvette Gauges 13/30

Classic Instruments reworked a set of its SG Series gauges to fit the original housings. Phillips oval door handles, plus oval pedals for the brake and clutch, repeat this visual theme throughout the car. Finishing off the cockpit is a 15-inch Fast Line steering wheel from Billet Specialties, which also supplied the 18-inch rims, wrapped with Goodyear Eagle F1 rubber (245/40/18, front and rear). For sure stopping power, four of Baer’s Eradispeed two-piece rotors are clenched by Corvette C5 calipers.

All side and fender chrome pieces were removed for smoother lines. To create a luminescent lemon hue, Speedway sprayed the body with Jamming Yellow pearl topcoat with Sikkens Autoclear III.

Overall, the idea was to create a custom Vette incorporating the performance of the new Z06 while maintaining the essence of the original ’60. “Thanks to Jay and Colleen, I think we achieved exactly that. That vision became a reality that I see in my garage.” So this lemon squeeze turned out to be really sweet.

1960 Chevrolet Corvette Front View Headlight 14/30

MORE PHOTOS

VIEW FULL GALLERY
X

COMMENTS

Connect With Us

Get Latest News and Articles. Newsletter Sign Up

sponsored links

subscribe to the magazine

get digital get print
CLOSE X
BUYER'S GUIDE
SEE THE ALL NEW
NEWS, REVIEWS & SPECS
TO TOP